Sarjanikr an desh ki arthik kriyaon or rojgar tatha muly star par bhut hi mahtvpoorn prabhav dalte hain. Sarkar vyapar udhoy rojgat tatha muly star ko dravy ki matra dwara niyamit karti hai. Mudra sfiit ki dasha mein sarkar vyaktiyon se ran leti hai jisse samaj mein mudra ki chalan mein matra kam ho jaati hai or vuaktiyno ki kray shakti ghat jaati hai or muly star gir jaata hai. Is prakar sarvjanik ran mudra sfiit ko rkne ka ek prabhavpoorn sadhan hai.

Doosre jab desh mein vyaparik mandi aa jati hai muly utpadan evam upbhog star gir jaata hai berojgari bhad jaati hai tatha saakh sansthaon ki sthit kharab ho jaati hai to sarkar apni pratibhootiyon ki jamanat par kendiry bank se ran lekar use relon sdakon, nahron, pulon tatha naye naye karkhaon par vyay karti hai jisse rojgar ki matra bhad jaati hai or lgon ki kray shakti bhad jaati hai muly mien vradhi hone lagti hai or vyapar ki shithilta door ho jaati hai.

Bharat mein sanghiy vitt vyavastha
Sanghiy vitt vyavastah se aashy us vyavastha se hai jiske antargat aay tatha vyay ki sampoorn madon ko kendiry ya sangh sarkar, rajy sarkaron tatha sthaniy nikayon ke beech baant diya jaaata hai. Is vyavastha ke antargat teeno ikaiyon ko apne apne shetr mein aay prapt karne or vyay karne ki poorn svatantata hoti hai. Doctor r m bhargav ke anusar sanghiy vitt se aashy kendr tatha rajy sarkaron ke vitty sambandhon tatha un donon ke beech samanvy se lagaya jaata hai.

Sanghiy vitt ki samasyaein
Karon ke anuroop vitty sadhanon ka hona: kendr or rajy sakaron ke kary laga alag hote hain. Atah sanghiy vitt ki pahli samasy hai ki doon prakar ki sakaron ke beech aay ke sadhanon ka vitran kis aadhar par kiya jaaye jisse ki ve apne karon ko bhali prakar sampan kar sakein.

Badalti hui paristhitiyon ke anusar sadhanon ka samayojan: sanghiy vitt ki doosir samasya yah hai ki badalti hui paristhtiyon ke anusar kendr va rajy ke beech sadhano ka punarvitran tatha samayojan kis prakar kiya jaaye.

Sapekshik sadhan ki aavashyakta ki samasya: kuchh rajy, doosre rajyon ki tulan mein nirdhan, kam viksti athva pichhade hue hote hain. Atah sanghiy vitt ki teesri samasya yah hai ki kis adhar par pichhade va aviksti rajyon ko adhik vitty strot athva anudan uplabdh karaye jaayein.

Sanghiy vitt ke sidhhant
Kendiry sarkar, rajy va sthaniy sarkaron ke beech vitty stroton ke bantware ke sambandh mein kuchh sidhhant pratipadit kiye gaye hia jo nimnlikhit hai -
Svatantrata ka sidhhant: sanghiy shasan pranali mein pratyek ikayi ko antrik vitty mamalon mein poorn svatantrata honi chahiye. Kendiry sarkar, rajy sarkaron tatha sthaniy sakaron kea ay ke stro pratyak prathak hone chahiye tatha unhe apne apne shetr mein kar lagane tatha ran lene ki svatantrata honi chhaiye. Svatanrata se yah bhi tatpary hai kendr or jay apne dwara ektr aay ko apni ichanusar vyay karne mien bhi poorn svatantr hone chhaiye. Any shabadon mein rajy apen raju ki vitty avvashyakton ki poorti ke liye atm nirbhar hona chahiye.

Ekroopta ka sidhhant: ekroopta shabad ke do arth lagaye jaate hain pratham to yah ki kendr sarkar jab rajy sakron ko anudan de to us samabdh mein ekroopta ki neeti ka palan kare. Doosre yah ki rajy sarkaron ko chahiye ki ve sangh sarkar ko samanta ke adhar par pana apna anshdan de. Any shabadon mein sangh sarkar ko karon ka bhar sabhi rajyon par saman roop se dalana chahiye arthat unko di jaane wali rahataon ya katotiyon mein koi bhedbhag nahi karna chahiye taaki sabhi rajy smana roop se vitty bhar ko vahan kar sakein.

Paryaptata evam loch ka sidhhant: paryaptata se aashy yah hai ki pratyek sarkar ke adhikar mein itne ivtty strot honk i ve nal keval apni varmtan aavashyaktaon varan bhavishy mein utpann hone wali aavashyakton ko bhi poori kar sakein.sir jon latham former k e anusr yadi ek sanghiy vyvastha poorn svatantrata ke saath jeevit rahna chhaiye hai to rajyon ke pass itne sadhan hone chahiye jo uske uttardayitvon ko poora karne kel iye paryapt hon.


Prashasan ki kushalta ka sidhhant: prashasanik kushalta se aashy yah hai ki vitty prashasan aisa hona chahiye jisme kardataon ka hit surkashit rahe, akr vanchan ki sambhavna na ho, karon ka dohrav nahi ho, kararopan ka vyapar atah duhyo par bura prabhav nahi pade tatha karon ko vasool karne ki vyvastah prabhavshali evam mitvyayi ho.