Sanghiy vitt vyavastha ko safal banae ke liye doctor b r mishra is sidhhant ke paan karne par bal dete hain. Unke anusar sangh tatah rajy sarkaron mein sadhanon ka adrash vibhajan vibhinn rajony mein rah rahe vyaktiyon ke rashtriy nyuntam sidhhant ke anusar hona chhaiye. Sanghiy rajy mein yah kar dhani shetron mein nirdhan shetron ko vitty sahdanon ke antaran dwara kiya jaa sakta hai. Sangh ke vibhinn rajyon mein anek asamantayein paai jaati hajaise bhogolik sthiti ki bhinnta, arhtik sthiti ki bhinnta aadi. Any shabadon mein kuchh rajy dhani hote hain kuchh nirdhan hote hain. Kuchh rajy viksit hote hain kor kuchh rajy aviskti hote hain.a tah kendiry sarkark ka yah kartavy hai ki vah adhani rajyon se adhik kar lekar vitty sadhanon ka antran nirhdna rjayon ki or kare. Doore nidrhan rajyon ko apeksharkar adhik anudan de. Isse pratyek rajy ke vyakti apna jeevan ek nuyuntam star par bitane mein samarth ho sakenge. Hamre desh mein isko karne ke lie vitt aayog niyukt karne ki vyavastha hai.

Sanghiy niyantran tatha nirikshan ka sidhhant: desh ki ekta ko banaye rakhen ke liye yah aavashyak hai ki kendiry evam rajy sarkarein rajasv ke saman sidhhanton ka palan kare tatha iski dekhbal evam niyantran ka kary ekendiry sakrar ko sopa jaaye. Kendr ek aisi rajkoshiy neeti banaey jiska vah svayn bhi tatha sabhir ajy palan kare. Iske saath yah bhi vyayvastha ki jaaye ki jo rajy is rajkoshiy neeti ka ullanghan kare unke virudh uchit karyvahi ho.

Kendiry sarkar ko yah bhi dekhna chahiye ki vah jo anudan ya arthik sahayata jis kary ke rajyon ko deti hai unka prayog usi kary mein kiya jaye anyatah rajy dwara is anudan tatha sahayata ka durupyog kiya jaa sakta hai.

Samanvy ka sidhhant: paul studank ke anusar sangh tatha rajyon mein samanvy ka sidhhant keval kar lagane tatk hi simit nahi rahna hchaiye varan sangh tatah rajyon ke budget, poonjigat vyay tatha saakh sambandhi kriayon mein bhi samanvy hona chaiye tatah samanvy prabandh kriyaon ke saath bhi hona chahiye.

Samanta ka sidhhant: adam smith dwara pratipadit kararopan mein samanta ke sidhhant ko sanghiy vitt vyavastha mein bhi laagy karna chahiye. Kendr va rajyon ke beech karon ka vitran is prkara kiya jaaye ki don prakra ke karon ka bhar pratyek kardata par saman roop se  pade arthat dono prakar ke karon ke karan pratyek kardata ka simant tyag lagbhag barabar ho.

Bharity sanvidhan ke antargat sanghiy vitt
Svatantr bahrata ka sanvidhan 26 janvari 1950 se laagu hua. Yah sanvidhan ek sanghatmak shasan vidhan hai or isme anek rajy sammilit hai. Shasan ko thik prakar se chahlne ke liye sangh or rajyon ke adhikaron ka vibhajan teen sochiyan banakar kiya gya hai jo nimnlikhit hain -

Sanghiy soochi: is soochi mein 97 vishy diye gaye hain jin par kendriy sarkar ko adhiniyam banana ka adhikar hai. Is soochi mein mukhy vishay is prakar hai - suraksha, anu shakti, videshi mamale, rel, jalyan va havayi parivahan, daak tar mudran va siika dhulayi, videshi vyapar, reserve bank, any bank, beema company, khanij aadi.

Rajy soochi: is soochi mein 66 vishy diye gaye hain jis par rajyon ko adhiniyam banana ka adhikar hai. Is soochi ke mukhy vishy is prakar hai - police, jail, nyay prabandh, sthaniy prashasan, sarvjanik svasthy, adak aprivahan, pul nirman, krashi va van rajy ke bheetra ka vyapar va udhyog aadi.

Samvarti soochi: is soochi mein 47 vishy hai jin par kendr or rajy sarkarony donon ko adhiniyam banae ka adhikar hai prantu rajyon ki apeksah kendiry adhiniyam ko prathmikta di jaati hai. Is soochit ke mukhy ivishay hain - vivah or talak, kahdy samagri mein milavat, arthik or samajik niyojan, samajik sraksha, muly niyantran, bijli, karkhane, chhapekhane tatha akhbar aadi.


Desh ki vitty vyuvastha ko chalne ke liye ek vitty vibhag hai jiaka pramukh vitt mantra hota hai. Sanvidhan kid hara 280 ke anusar rahstrapati ko vitty aayog niyukt karne ka adhika diya gya hai. Vitt aayog ka kary desh ki vitt vyvastha mein sidhar karne ke liye sujhav dena hai. Is samay tak rashtrpati terah vitt aygon ko niyukti kar chuke hain.