Yadyapi vikassheel deson ke arthik vikas mein hinarth prabandhan ka vishesh mahatv hai athapi hinarth prabandhan ek seem ake antargat hona chahiye. Hinarth prabandhan apnane mien agrlikhit baton ko dhyan mein rakhna chhaiye -

Hinarth prabandhan ka prayog anutpadak karyon ki apeksha utpadak karyon mein adhik kiya jaaye jisse vaston ki maang bhadane ke saath saath utpadan bhi bhad jaaye or mulyon mein vradhi na ho. Hinarth prabandhan ki surkashit seema se kam matra mein hinarth prabandhan karna chhaiye taaki mudra sfitik dashayine utpann na hone paayein.

Hinarth prabandhan sarkar dwara atirik kray shakti ko nishkriy karne ke liye hi kiya jaana chahiye. Sarkar nayi mudra ko kararopan, anivary bachat, sarvjanik ran aadi ki sahayata se yadi sheeghrata se apne paas vapis le sakti hai to adhik hinarth prabandhan kiya jaa satka hai.

Yadi desh mein adhikansh shetr amodrik hai to hinarth prabandhan adhik matra mein kiya jaa satka hai oykin arthik vikas ke saath modrik shetr bhadega, mudra ki maang bahdegi or nayi mudra sfitik dasha utpann nahi kar sakegi. Yadi janta prarambhik kashton ko sahan karne ke liye taiyar hai to hinarth prabandhan adhik matra mein kiya jaa sakta hai.

Hinarth prabandhan svayn mein koi khatarnaak padhati nahi yadi ise uchit seemaon or niyantra mein rakha jaaye. Yah vikassheel deson ke arthik ke liye ek anivary tatah sulabh saadhan hai kintu iska prayog ek akasmik ya sankatkallen prakriya ke roop mein hona chhaiye, ek niyamit neeti ke roop mein nahi. Hinarth prabandhan apne aap mein na achha or na bura isme mudra sfiti svabhavtah nihit hai. Yah ek atyant komal hathiyar hai jiska prayog savdhanipoorvak kiya jaana chahiye.

Sarvjanik vyay ke sidhhant

Sarvjanik vyay ka samajik kalian or dhan ke utpadan evam vitran par gahra prabhav padta hai. Atah arthshastyion ne sarvjanik vyay ke sambandh mein kuchh pargdarshak sihhdnaton ka pratipadan kiya hai jinka palan karke adhiktam samajik laabh ke saath saath sarvjanik vyayon ke durupyog par bhi rk lagti hai. Findale shiran ne sarvjanik vyay ke nimn char sidhhant bataye hain -

Laabh ka sidhhant: yah sarvjanik vyay ka adharbhoot sidhhant hai. Is sidhhant ke anusar sarvjanik vyay sampoor samaj ke laabh ko dhyan mein rakhkar kiya jaana chahiye. Atah sarvjanik vyay karte samay is baat ka dhyan rakha jaana chahiye ki adhik se adhik logon ko jyada se jayada laabh mil sake or taaki janta ko ayh vishwas bana rahe ki unhe unke tyad ka uchit pratifal mil raha hai.

Mitvyayita ka sidhhant: mitvyayita se aashy kanjoosi karna nahi balki anvashyak vyayon se bachate hye keval aavashyak madon par vyay karna hai. Pray sarkari dhan kisi ka dhna nahi samajhkar laparvahi se kharch kar diya jaata hai joki uchit nahi hai. Sankshep mein is sidhhant ke anusar vyay karte samay agrlikhit baton par dhyan dena chahiye - aavashyakta se adhik dhan vyay na ho. Utpadan shakti va bachat shamata par sarvjanik vyay ka pratikool prabhav na apde. Bhavishy mein aay vradhi ki sambhavna bani rahe tatha vartma tatah bhavishy ki aavashyakta par vyay ka bnatvarar anukooltam ho.


Svikrati ka sidhhant: is sidhhan ka arth yah hai ki bina svikrati ke koi bhi vyay nahi kiya jaana chahiye. Sarvjanik koshon ko durupyog se bachane evam mitvyayita ka palan karne ke liye vyay ki poorv svikrati lena aavashyak hai. Yadi svikrati ke niyam ka palan kiya jaata hai to is baat ka asani se pata lagaya ja sakta hai ki ksi mad ke vyay ka uttardayitv kis adhikari par hai. Is prakriya ko apnane se ydyapi kuchh deri avashy hoti hai parantu mitvyaytita evam imandari ke liye yah sidhhant aavashyta hai. Sanksehp mein is sidhhant ki mukhy baatein nimnlikhti hian.