Sarvjanik vyay karne sepoor sambandhit adhikariyon se svikrati prapt karna anivary hona chhaiye. Svirkat raashi se adhik vyay nahi kiya jaana chahiye that jis kary uddeshy evam shetr ke liye vyay karne ki svikrati mili ho usi ke liye vyay karna chahiye.

Adhiky ka sidhhant: findale shiraj ke anusar sarkar ko apna vyay kabhi bhi aay se adhik nahi karna chahiye. Jis prakar se ek vyakti apni aay ke anusar pane vyay ko nirdharit karta hai uski prakar se sarkar ko bhi chahiye ki vah bhi apna budget banate samay is baat ka avashy dhyan rakhe ki ghate ki arthvyavastha ki aavashykata na pade. Jahant tak sambhav ho sake santulit budget banana chhaiye. Haan, parishtivash sarkar ghate ka budget bana sakti hai tahta utpadak karyon ke liye ran le sakti hai.

Any sidhhant: upryukt char sidhhnaton ke atiriukt sarvjanik vyay ke sambandh mein kuchh any sidhhant bhi rpatipadit kiye gaye hai jinki vivechan nimn prakar hai.

Loch ka sidhhant: loch ka arth yah hai ki sarvjanik vyay ko aavashyaktanusar ghataya badhyaa ja sake. Vyay ko badhana atyant saral hota hai parantu usme kami karna bahut kathin htoa hai. Atah lok vaya ka dhancha is parakar ka hona chahiye ki bina kathnayi ke vyay ke kuchh bhag ko kam kiya ja sake. Sarvjanik vyay mein lich banaye rakhne ka ek saral upay yah hai ki sthayi prakarti ke vyay meinv radhi dheer dheere karni chahiye kyonki asthayi roop se badhaya gya vyay to ghataya jaa satka hai jabki sthayi vyay ko ghatane par janta mein asantosh utpann hone lagat ahai.

Utpdakata ka sidhhant: is sidhhant ke anusar sarkar ki vyay neeti aisi honi chahiye jisse desh mein utpadan vradhi ko badhava mile. Iska tatpary yah hua ki vyay ki prakarti utpadak honi chhaiye, anutpadak nahi arthat lok vyay se udhyogon ki sthapan ho, rojgar ke avsaron mein vradhi ho, jeeva star mein sudhar ho tatha bachat evam viniyog protsahi hon.

Vitran mein samanata ka sidhhant: is sidhhan ke anusar sarvjanik vyay is parakr kiya jaana chahiye ki dhan ke viran ki asamanta ko door kiya jaa sake arthat desh mein arthik vishamta door ho sake. Iske liye yah aavashyak hai ki nirdhanon ke upper tulnatmak roop se adhik vyay kiya jaaye. Isliye adhikar sarkarein shiksha, chikitsa, samajik suraksha aadi par adhik matra mein vyay karti hai.

Samanvy ka sidhhant: bahrt jais sanghatmak vitt vyavastha mein lok vyay mein samanvy ke sidhhant par bhi jor diya jaata hai. Is sidhhant ka arth hai ki vibhinn sarkaron arthat kendiry, arjy evam sthaniy sarkaron ke vyayon mein samanvy rahna chhaiye jisse aisa n ho ki kuchh madon par to vyay mein dohrapan ho jaaye or kuchh madon par vyay hi na ho.

Bhart mein sarvjanik vyay ke sidhhanton ka palan

Sarvjanik vyay ke sidhhanton ka adhyyan karne ke pashchat yah vishleshan uchit hoga ki in sidhhanon ka bhart mein kahan tak palan kiya jaa raha hai -

Laabh ka sidhhant: bharat mein sarvjanik vyayon mein laabh ke sidhhan ka adhiktam palan karne ka prayas kiya jaa raha hai. Is drashti se vyayon ko vibhinn vikastamak, prashasnik or surakshatmak karyon mein is prakar vibhajit kiya jaata hai ki samaj ko adhikadhik laabh mil sake.

Mitvyayita ka sidhhant: bhart mein saidhantik roop se to mitvyayita ke sidhhant ko panan par jor diya jaata raha hai lekin vyavharik drashti se prashasnik shithilta or akushalta ke karan is sidhhant ka palan naammatr hi ho paata hai.

Svikrati ka sidhhan: bharat mein viadhanik drashti se svikrati ke sidhhant ko poorn roop se apnaya gya hai. Iske antargat sansad athva vidhan sabha se vyaon ki svikrati ke pashchat unke sambandh mein prashaskiy svikrati or takneeti svikrati par jor diya jaata hai. Svikrati ke sidhhan ke palan ki janch ke liye ankekshan ka pravdhan bhi hai.

Adhiky bachat ka sidhhant: bharat ek vijkassheel rashtr hai or adhik niyojan ke madhyam se vicar yojnaon mein sanlagn hai. Is drashti se bharat mein bachat ke sidhhant ka palan nahi ho paaya hai por pray sabhi rajyon or kendiry sarkar dwara ghate ki vitty vyavastha ki neeti apnayi jaa rahi hai.

Loch ka sidhhant: is siddhant ko anshik roop se hi panan sambahv ho sakta hai kyonki sakari kary sheter or uttardayitvon mein vradhi honbe ka karan vyay nirantra bhadte jaa rahe hain or aay kam hone par vyayon ko usi ke anusar kam karne mein kathinayi rahi hai.


Utpadakta ka sidhhant: sarkar ne neeti ke roop mein utpadakta ke sidhhant ko apanay hai lekin mitvyayita ke sidhhant ka poora palan na hone ke karan utpadakta ke sidhhant ka bhi poori tarah se palan nahi ho pata.