Isv vidhi mein rpaytek mad ko nayi mad manate hue uska naye sire se muluayankan kiya jaata hai. Yah pranali atyadhik vyavharhik, auchitypoorn tatha parinamoonmukhi hai. Kyonki yah vyay kiye jaane wale pratyek mad ke auchity par bal deti hai tatha kisi bhi kriya ke liye koi adhar ya nyuntam vyay svikar nahi karti. Is pranali ke antargat yojanaon, karykramon tatha kriyakalapon ko teevr gati se laagu karne, parinaamon ka prabhavi dhang se mulyankan karne tatha sabhi manviy koshal tatha antarvaiyaktik sambandhon ko viskti karne par bal diya jaata hai.

Sarvpratham 1924 mein hilton yong mein apne leh mein shuny adharit budget ka ullekh kiya tha. 1902 mein american karishi vibhav ne is padhati ko apnaya. 1977 mein jimmy karter ne ise sanshodhit roop mein apni sanghiy sarkar meni apanaya. 1985-86 mein bahrat sarkar ne ise saidhnaitk roop se svikar kar liya.

Shuny adharit budget ki visheshtayein

Sadhanon ke vibhinn madon par avantan tatha nishpadan ke vibhinn staron par karykramon ki jaanch ki jaati hai. Pratyek vibhag ke liye uddeshyon/ lakshayon ka nirdharan kiya jata hai. Praytek vibhag ki kriyaon ke nirnay package ke roop mein roopantrit kiye jaate hain. Nirnay package ka mulyankan kiya jaata hai. Sambanbdhit vibhag kagazi karyvahi va uski vistran vyakhya karne mein sakhsam ho. Sabhi sambadh apakehshit soochnayein uplabdh ho. Soochnaon mein lagat samank sammilit ho. Karyonmein prathmikta kram ka nirdharan thik prakar se ho.

Shuny adharit budget prakriya ke charan/ avasthayein

Shuny adharit budget vyavastha ek drashtikon hai jise pratyek vibhag ki aavashyaktaon ke anukool dhalana aavashyak hota hai. Is prakriya ke pramukh charan/ avasthayein nimnlikhit hai - uddeshyon/ lakshayon ka nirdharan evam mulyankan karna/ nirnay karne wali ikaiyon ki pahchan karna. Nirnay samuh mein shamil pratyek ikayi ka vishelshan karna. Sangathan ki vibhinn kriyaon ka vyapak vishelshan karna. Sabhi nirnayana samuhon ka mulyankan evam shrenikaran karna. Vistran parichalan budget taiyar karna jisme vah nirnay samih pratibadhit jo jisko budget vyay mein svikrati di gayi hai. Aavashyak aadaon ke kray ke liye uchadhikari ko prastav bheje jaate hain. Prastavon ko antim roop diya jaata hai.

Shuny adharit budget ke sidhhant

Kya hame kharch karna chahiye: is vyavastha mein kisi vibhag ko kisi mad par kuchh bhi vyay prastavit karne se poorv shuny adhar se ichhit vyay ke star ke auchity ko sidh karna aavashyak hota hai. Iske samarthan meni jo likhit vishleshanparak pralekh prastut kiya jaata hai, use nirnay package kaha jaata hai.

Hame kitna kharch karna chahiye: is prashan ka uttar pratyek vibhag ko lagat laabh vishleshan ke adhar par denta hota hai. Is sambandh mein lagat laabh vishleshan ke adhar par hi pratyek vibhag ki javabdehi tay hoti hai. Iska uddeshy kisi bhi mad par anavashyak vyay ko rokna hai.

Hame kahan vyay karna chahiye: sevayein pratiyogi hoti hai. Shuny adharit budget pranali mein hame pratiyogi sevaon ke beech prathmiktayein nirdharit karni hoti hai. Prathmikta kram ka nirdharan sevaon ke mahatv ki drashti se kiya jaata hai.

Shuny adharit budget ke laabh

Yah vastavikta ke adhik nikat hai kyonki isme prathmiktaon, uddeshyon va lakshyon ka vyapak adhhyan karne ke pashchat hi lagat tatvon ka dhik ache dhang se vishleshan kiya jaa satka hai. Alaabhkari vyayon ko shuny aadharit budget ke madhyam se kam athva samapt kiya ja sakta hai. Lagaton ka sahi ankalan sambhav hai. Nimn prathmikata vale karykramon ko kam kiya/ hataya jaa sakta hai.


Adhikariyon dwara prabandh prakriya mein bhag lene ke karan sampreshan saral ho jaata hai. Ek hi upkram ke antargat sansadhanon ke avantan mein badlav lakar uchh prabhav wale kraykramon ke liye ahdik vitty sansadhan uplabdh karaye jaa sakte hain. Vibhinn adon mein sarvjanik vyay ke laabhon ko anukooltam banay jaa satka hai. Sampoorn arthvyavastha ki kriyatamak karyshamta mein vradhi ki jaa sakti hai.